Mobile technology basically refers to any technology that can follow you around no matter where you go. This technology will comprise of two-way communication devices and computing devices that are portable and the technology connecting them. Today, mobile technology stands for web-enabled devices such as tablets, smartphones, and smartwatches. Communication networks connecting such devices are called wireless technologies and they allow the devices to share data, voice, and apps. Mobile technologies are continuously evolving and the number of users of smartphones alone has surpassed 3 billion. Globally, the mobile technology workforce is slated to become 1.87 billion before 2022.
Types of Mobile Technology:
- GSM: This stands for Global System for Mobile communication and is most widely used everywhere in the world. This is now used by almost two billion users worldwide and was created by European Telecommunications Standards Institute. It falls under the 2G mobile connectivity and relies on 1900 MHz and 900 MHz bands. The key benefits of this technology are call forwarding, voice calls, call barring, SMS, call waiting, and voice conferencing.
- CDMA stands for Code Division Multiple Access and is essentially a 3G technology that competes against the GSM. This is used in many places around the world, with maximum usage in China, Canada, US, India, and New Zealand. It relies on 1900MHz, 800 MHz, and 450MHz bands. This technology provides voice clarity, superior signal quality, reliable network, reduces signal breakup, etc.
- LTE: This stands for Long Term Evolution and is a 4G technology created for the GSM. This was the first 4G to be used for mobile phones worldwide and is a high-speed data transferring service for mobile phones having 299.6Mbps download-speeds and 75.4 upload-speeds.
- 1G: This is an analog technology representing the GSM’s first generation. 2G stands for the second generation, continuing into the 3G and current 4G. 2G was digital technology and introduced encryption. With 3G, there were better transfer rates and its later versions could even achieve multiple megabits every second. Finally, the 4G offered mobile broadband services to systems like wireless modems, laptops, etc.
- HSDPA/HSPA or High Speed Downlink Packet Access refers to an advanced technology supporting a 7.2 Mbps speed; it is useful for loading larger files, road maps, mobile TV streaming, etc. The HSUPA is a network based on this and it was developed by Nokia. Together these are called HSPA.
- UMTS or Universal Mobile Telecommunications System is a 3G technology commonly known as Wideband CDMA or WCDMA. This guarantees much faster data transfer rates, almost at 42 Mbps per second.
- EV-DO or Evolution Data-Only runs on the CDMA network supporting a 2.4 Mbps speed. The EV-DO can run over a portion of the cellular networks dedicated to data entirely. Voice calls will need heavy bandwidth for maintaining optimum sound quality. By keeping the voice and data channels separate from one another this can maximize data transfer speeds and offer higher access to the Internet, emails and multimedia.